Résumé : Corrosion is affecting the metallic structures’ stability of the industry and putting at risk the safety of the employees and environment. This chapter emphasizes explaining the common types of corrosion damages that can be present in the oil and gas industry and details of the mechanism of material failure and the possible ways for protection. The petroleum industry is facing the deterioration of metal surfaces in their working environment due to the electrochemical process of corrosion. It’s one of the industries that is spending the most money of the total corrosion expenditure all over the world. Corrosion is an economical problem that must be addressed to provide a safer environment that prolongs the life of material, minimizing the risk of environmental issues and catastrophes. A good way to address this problem is by studying the characteristics of each of the corrosion problems and the best way to minimize or eliminate the reasons for corrosion.